Hill, Hill Country

hil'-kun-tri: The common translation of three Hebrew words:

(1) gibh`ah, from root meaning "to be curved," is almost always translated "hill"; it is a pecuIiarly appropriate designation for the very rounded hills of Palestine; it is never used for a range of mountains. Several times it occurs as a place-name, "Gibeah of Judah" (Jos 15:20,57); "Gibeah of Benjamin" or "Saul" (Jg 19:12-16, etc.); "Gibeah of Phinehas" (Jos 24:33 margin), etc. (see GIBEAH). Many such hills were used for idolatrous rites (1Ki 14:23; 2Ki 17:10; Jer 2:20, etc.).

(2) har, frequently translated in the King James Version "hill," is in the Revised Version (British and American) usually translated "mountain" (compare Ge 7:19; Jos 15:9; 18:15 f, and many other references), or "hillcountry." Thus we have the "hill-country of the Amorites" (De 1:7,19-20); the "hill-country of Gilead" (De 3:12); the "hill-country of Ephraim" (Jos 17:15-16,18; 19:50; 20:7, etc.); the "hill-country of Judah" (Jos 11:21; 20:7; 21:11; 2Ch 27:4, etc.; and (he oreine) Lu 1:39,65); the "hill-country of Naphtali" (Jos 20:7). For geographical descriptions see PALESTINE; COUNTRY; EPHRAIM; JUDAH, etc.

(3) `ophel, is translated by "hill" in 2Ki 5:24; Isa 32:14; Mic 4:8, but may possibly mean "tower" or "fort." In other passages the word occurs with the article as a place-name.


E. W. G. Masterman

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