e-li'-a-shib ('elyashibh, "God restores"):
(1) A descendant of David (1Ch 3:24).
(2) Head of the eleventh course of priests (1Ch 24:12).
(3) The high priest in the time of Nehemiah. He, with his brethren the priests, helped in the rebuilding of the wall (Ne 3:1). But later he was "allied unto Tobiah" the Ammonite (Ne 13:4) and allowed that enemy of Nehemiah the use of a great chamber in the temple (Ne 13:5); and one of his grandsons, a son of Joiada, married a daughter of Sanballat the Horonite and was for this expelled from the community by Nehemiah (Ne 13:28).
(4, 5, 6) Three Israelites, one a "singer," who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:24,27,36).
(7) Father of Jehohanan (Ezr 10:6); probably identical with (3) above. Called Eliasib in 1 Esdras 9:1.
F. K. Farr